IoT Redefines Textile Life cycle
According to the Ministry of Textiles, textile industry is one of the largest Indian industries contributing 14% to industrial production, 4% to country’s GDP and 17% of the country’s export earnings. In recent years, IoT (Internet of Things) is disrupting the textile sector and coming up with a revolutionary change in the textile life cycle. Automating the textile life cycle in an intelligent way increases productivity which in turn directly impacts the company ROI.
Textile Life cycle – Conventional Way
A textile life cycle has an octad of noteworthy stages, listed below.
- Agriculture/Raw Fiber Production: Crop growing phase
- Ginning: Mechanical separation of cotton seed into cotton and seed
- Spinning: Mechanical production of yarn
- Weaving: Converting cotton yarn into woven fabric
- Processing: Chemical and Mechanical treatment on woven fabric to yield dyed and printed fabric
- Stitching: Stitching of processed fabric
- Distribution/Retail: Stitched clothes ready for sale
- Use/Consumption: Customer purchase and use
All the above stages are usually manual and there is no intelligent tracking and monitoring application for effective business management.
Challenges in Implementing IoT in Textile Life Cycle
Automating entire textile life cycle from production to storage to marketing certainly guarantees a faster time to market (TTM). An end-to-end IoT Solution can be developed and deployed to redefine the textile life cycle. This solution must address the following challenges.
- Connection overhead and huge bandwidth consumption of multiple weaving machines connected over Ethernet
- Administration and management of voluminous structured and unstructured data
- Compatibility of ERP and Operations, Administration & Management System with IoT Service Management Platform
Automating Textile Plant Leveraging IoT
- Plant Floor IS hardware, an Ethernet gateway for industrial equipment, is designed and developed. The device consists of two boards as below.
- Main Board: Combination of MCU and peripherals
- Daughter Board: Coalesce of power circuit, signal conditioning circuit and level shifters
The hardware reports the data collection node once the fabric weaving is over.
- The data collection node is directly connected with IoT Service Management Platform which is responsible for managing the ERP System and Operations, Administration Management System.
- The IoT Platform also sends asynchronous messages to vendors based on omnichannel retailing for distribution and sell.
Future of Textile IoT
IoT is rapidly changing the textile sector and will soon come up with technologies like e-yarn, digital textile manufacturing and many more which will certainly pave the path for e-textile.