IoT: Connect the World
The IoT is the next generation of energy friendly connected devices transforming the economy and the way we live. Internet of Things is a computing concept that describes a future where everyday physical objects will be connected to Internet and be able to identify themselves to other devices. It is significant because an object that can represent itself digitally becomes something greater than the object by itself. No longer does the object relate just to you, but is now connected to surrounding objects and database data. When many objects act unitedly, they are known to have “ambient intelligence“.
IoT has extensive use in smart cities, smart environment, smart water, smart metering, security and emergencies, retail, logistics, industrial control, smart agriculture and animal farming, domestic and home automation, ehealth and many more. IoT has potential to change the world by exploiting its major advantages like M2M communication, automation and control, information intensiveness, monitoring, time and money saving approach, etc. The adoption of IoT too comes with some issues which include compatability, complexity, privacy and lesser employment of menial staff.
Very soon, IoT will augment our brain. It brings radical changes in every domain, as in Home and Office (fridges text when milk finishes, coffeemakers gets turned on from beds, remote tracking of pets’ vitals, staple order on button push, device-controlling apps, buildings with internal climate control), Cities (stoplights with embedded video sensors adjust greens and reds according to cars’ location and time, sensors in parking spaces relay information on empty spots, LED streetlights turn on when someone approaches, solar-powered garbage cans), Manufacturing (voluminous standard product manufacture, smart energy management systems), Vehicles (smart vehicles travel 435 klicks on single charge, model interact with smartphone gathering information on appointments, proposed routes and traffic, world’s first robo-truck, connected self-driven cars), Transportation (sensors detect and isolate aircraft engine problems, measurement and communication of jet engine’s exhaust temperature, measurement of fuel use inflight to reduce unnecessary drag, installing sensors in and beside tracks to inform a centralized command centre in need of maintenance or threats), Healthcare (sensors communicate immediately to doctors when patient’s condition worsens, pillbox pops open when it’s time to take meds, smart beds track patient movement and communicate to nurse, monitors measure heart-rate, sleep patterns, diet and beam data to mobile), Energy (smart meters draw needed power at off-peak times, turbines of wind farm let know that gust is coming, prompting to immediately alter the angle of blades to ensure protection), Agriculture (GPS-enabled smartphones with ag-related apps, machines plough, sow, reap, and collect Farmer’s Almanac worth of data, watering systems sprinkle enough H2O on fields and detect leaks in water pipes, sensors detect high counts of pest, sensors when attached to animals, tell farmers which ones are in heat, pregnant or ill), etc. Everyday things get connected for a smarter tomorrow.
“As IoT advances, the very notion of a clear dividing line between reality and virtual reality becomes blurred”, says Geoff Mulgan, Chief Executive, NESTA. Researchers predict that IoT will thrive by 2025.